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Hip:

 

Hip pain is a very frequent musculoskeletal complaint that affects all age groups. It  most frequently results due to structural and functional misalignments of the hip joint  or in combination with neighbouring structures suffering from compensatory overuse. The hip joint is the deepest and biggest joint in the body. The increased depth   of this joint in combination with its round shape provides most stability while allowing a great deal of mobility. The hip joint is usually affected by structural misalignments at the early stage of life because of abnormal development. In the later stage of life misalignment usually occurs due to the ever-increasing demand for weight bearing. If there is dysfunction in the hip joints, the joints above[lumbopelvic region] and below[knee/foot] usually compensate well. The hip joint may stay unaffected for a long time due to these compensations. This is why so many hip joint problems are discovered only when pain persists but at this point Xrays usually show some degree of arthritis has already developed. True hip pain or groin pain can be caused by: hip osteoarthritis, labrum tear, iliopsosas bursitis or tendonitis, groin pull, adductor tendinosis, hip fracture, avascular necrosis. Direct local pain or pain radiating into the side of the hip can be caused by: greater trochanter bursitis, piriformis syndrome, gluteus medius syndrome, pelvic floor myalgia, hamstring tendinosis or ruptures.

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