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Shoulder:

 

Shoulder pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints. It most frequently results from trauma and overuse of the shoulder joint and surrounding tissues. The rotator cuff is designed to reinforce the otherwise unsupported shoulder joint and hold the ball-shaped head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa, the socket of the shoulder blade[scapula]. Besides keeping the joint intact, the 4 muscles that make up the rotator cuff also assist in some shoulder and arm movements. This diverse functionality of the shoulder joint puts considerable stress on the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles, making them susceptible to overuse injuries. The pain due to a rotator cuff tear, tendonitis, various arthritic inflictions and overuse impacts on the stability and function of the shoulder. Therefore, we commonly see these types of shoulder pain syndromes: rotator cuff tendonitis, rotator cuff impingement, rotator cuff tears, subacromial bursitis, frozen shoulder, bicipital tendonitis, labrum tears.